The Lahore Declaration is a remarkable treaty under the 1988 NNAA Treaty and the 1972 Shimla Treaty.  Following the signing of the agreement by the two prime ministers, Pakistan`s Foreign Ministers, Shamshad Ahmad and India`s K. Raghunath, signed a joint action on 21 February 1999 to promote an environment of peace and security between the two countries.  The agreement confirmed the ongoing commitment of their respective governments to the principles and objectives of the UN Charter.  In 1998, the foreign ministries of both countries launched the peace process to ease tensions in the region. On 23 September 1998, the two governments signed an agreement on the recognition of the principle of the establishment of an environment of peace and security and the resolution of all bilateral conflicts, which became the basis of the Lahore Declaration.  On 11 February 1999, the Pakistani Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced the state visit of Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee aboard the first bus link between the two countries. The Lahore Declaration was a bilateral agreement and a government agreement between India and Pakistan. The treaty was signed on 21 February 1999, at the end of a historic summit in Lahore, and ratified the same year by the parliaments of both countries.  General Malik stated that the Indian side was surprised by the actions of the Pakistani army because the army had its reservations, but that it had “taken seriously the Lahore agreement”. There were three main phases of the Kargil War. First, Pakistan infiltrated troops in the Indian-controlled part of Kashmir and occupied strategic locations that allowed it to put NH1 within range of its artillery fire. The next step was that India discovered infiltration and mobilized forces to respond.
The last phase was major fighting by the Indian and Pakistani armed forces, which led India to retake most of the areas held by Pakistani forces   and to withdraw Pakistani forces through the LOC, under international pressure.