List of all measures taken in this area: a number of projects have been launched in the public and private sectors. Among the most important projects are: a project to combat tannery in Kaur, Korang; a pollution control project in Karachi; The development of an industrial textile processing zone in Faisalabad; and an Environmental Technology for Industry (ETPI) program. AGENDA 21 CHAPTER 16: ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND MANAGEMENT OF BIOTECHNOLOGY NATIONAL PRIORITY: STATUS REPORT: A special institutional body, the National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (NIBGE), is responsible for this sector. NIBGE tries to involve the industry in its work by inviting management to discuss marketing opportunities for environmental protection. The workshops are held quarterly to improve awareness and understanding of biotechnology issues. The Copenhagen Amendment (1992) was ratified on 18 May 1995. AGENDA 21 CHAPTER 17: PROTECTION OF OCEANS, ALL TYPES OF SEAS, INCLUDING ENCLOSED AND SEMI-ENCLOSED SEAS, AND COASTAL AREAS AND THE PROTECTION, RATIONAL USE AND DEVELOPMENT OF THEIR LIVING RESOURCES NATIONAL PRIORITY: STATUS: THE CONVENTION ON THE LAW OF THE SEAS was signed December 1982 and ratified 26 February 1997. See also the attached tables in the following pages. Pakistan`s coasts are exposed to negative environmental impacts due to thermal pollution, increased oil pollution, tar balls and plastic and toxic effluents, including heavy metals. Pakistan`s coastal strip is dry, with less than 20 centimetres of rainfall per year.
Pakistan has mangroves on about 800,000 hectares of marshland. The port of Karachi is mainly polluted by non-port activities. It is estimated that 90,000 tonnes of petroleum products from ships and port terminals are immersed in water each year. To solve this problem, the Karachi Port Trust signed MARPOL 1972-1979. A green belt is set up around the port of Karachi. The project involves planting 150,000 mangroves and 350,000 different plants. The Port Quasim Authority has launched a series of activities, including mangrove plantations and the establishment of industries in major industries to evacuate the coast.