The management and management of the Antarctic continent and its surrounding maritime areas are anchored in a number of international treaties. Cooperation in Antarctica is based on three pillars: peace, scientific research and environmental protection. Other agreements – about 200 recommendations that were adopted at treaty consultation meetings and ratified by governments – include: several international conflicts justify the creation of an agreement for Antarctica.  After World War II, the United States considered establishing a claim in Antarctica. From August 26, 1946 to early 1947, Operation Highjump, the largest military expedition force that the United States sent to Antarctica in the present, consisted of 13 ships, 4700 men and numerous aircraft, was conducted.  Its objectives were the training of military personnel and test equipment in extreme cold conditions for a possible war in Antarctica. 2. Any party that has become a party to this treaty as a result of Article XIII accession has the authority to appoint representatives to participate in the meetings covered in paragraph 1 of this article, while this part is of interest to Antarctica by carrying out important scientific research activities, such as the creation of a scientific station or the sending of a scientific expedition. The signing of the treaty was the first arms control agreement in the Cold War and the complaining countries managed to avoid the internationalization of Antarctic sovereignty. According to Article IX of the Treaty, 35 AtCMs were held, the last time in Australia in June 2012. Many recommendations and measures to promote the principles and objectives of the treaty have been adopted, many of which have come into force. The next ATCM will take place in Brussels, Belgium, in May 2013.
ANNEXE VI: Responsibility for an environmental emergency – environmental emergency prevention and response measures resulting from scientific research programs, tourism and all other governmental and non-governmental activities. (This schedule has not yet come into effect) (1) In order to promote international cooperation in scientific investigation in Antarctica in accordance with Article II of the Treaty, the parties agree that the 54 members of the Antarctic Treaty unanimously approved the declaration on the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Antarctic Treaty. During the meeting, countries pledged to maintain peace and international cooperation and reaffirmed the permanent ban on mining. Also convinced that a treaty that will ensure the use of Antarctica only for peaceful purposes and the pursuit of international harmony in Antarctica will promote the goals and principles set out in the Charter of the United Nations; How does the United States protect a continent? In the case of Antarctica, U.S. diplomats and scientists are negotiating with other members of the Antarctic Treaty on how the frozen continent will act. We have just concluded the 42nd annual meeting of the members of the Antarctic Treaty, at which the international community reaffirmed that the continent is reserved for peace and science. The Antarctic Treaty Environmental Protection Protocol calls Antarctica a nature reserve for peace and science.