As stipulated in the peace agreement, a regional referendum was held in August on the extension of the Muslim Mindanao Autonomous Region (ARMM), four provinces. Only one province, the Muslim-majority island of Basilan, voted in favour of joining the ARMM. Only Misuari, founder of the MNLF and governor of THE ARMM, rejected the legitimacy of the referendum. In November, a new faction of MNLF supporters, true to Nur Misuari`s initial objectives or vision, attacked an AFP facility in Zamboanga and Jolo, killing 140 people. Only Misuari was arrested at the entrance to Sabah, Malaysia, and detained by AFP security forces in the Philippines.1 a. While peace and development programmes are being implemented in the SZOPAD, a bill amending or repealing RS 6734 is being launched during Phase I (1996-1997). The bill contains the relevant provisions of the final peace agreement and the extension of the current ARMM autonomy zone. After the adoption of a law by Congress and approved by the President, a law is submitted for the approval of the people within two (2) years following the creation of the SPCPD (1998) in a referendum in the affected areas. The integration of MNLF candidates into the Philippine National Police (PNP) did not begin in 1996. In 1996, neither the PNP-Regionalkommando for the new autonomous region nor the Special Regional Security Force (SRSF) were created. The training articles of the 1996 agreement require ARMM schools to follow the same basic structure as the Philippine national school system in terms of standards and guidelines.
The CCA`s primary responsibility is to provide equal opportunities for education within the ARMM. In practice, this should mean adequate funding or a fair share of ARMM school funding relative to the size of the MMAA population. Based on information gathered by the CCA`s National Statistical Office, the amount of resources allocated to the ARMM education system appears to be proportional to funding from other provinces, although these statistics do not date back to 1996. For example, according to the latest budget of the Ministry of Education, 1.6 billion pesos ($38.2 million) was spent on kindergarten training. ARMM received 52.1 million pesos ($1.2 million). ARMM received 3.14% of the total preschool budget for the country.1 Based on demographic statistics, the ARMM population was 3.15% of the total population. It therefore appears that the CCA narrowly allocates education funding on the basis of population figures2 Based on data from accounting years, we believe that the CCA represents an appropriate share of THE funding of ARMM schools relative to the size of the ARMM population. As mentioned above, the peace agreement refers to police reforms in different sections.
The main provisions are twofold: (1) integration of MNLF into the Philippine National Police (PNP); and (2) the creation of a new institution and police: “the PNP`s regional command for the new autonomous region, which must be the Special Regional Security Forces (SRSF) in accordance with Article III, paragraph 8, of the Tripoli Agreement.” A 2008 report by the Organization of the Islamic Conference described the “first meeting of the tripartite meeting” between the CCA, MNLF and the OIC, held in Djiddah, Saudi Arabia in November 2007.