The Convention was concluded in Strasbourg (France) on 20 April 1959 and entered into force on 12 June 1962. In 2009, San Marino became the 47th and last Council of Europe member State to ratify the Convention, making it one of the few universal conventions among Council member States. The convention has also been ratified by Chile, Israel and South Korea. The European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters is a 1959 Council of Europe treaty on mutual legal assistance. It has been ratified by 50 States, including the 47 member States of the Council of Europe. The parties to the Convention agree to offer each other the “widest degree of mutual assistance” in investigating criminal offences, obtaining evidence and prosecuting suspects. The Convention sets out the requirements to be met by letters rogatory and letters rogatory from the “requesting State” addressed to the “requested State”. The Convention also lays down rules on the execution of such requests for mutual legal assistance by the authorities of the requested State. The first session of the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe will be held in Strasbourg, France. The federalist members are calling for the creation of a European political authority. France, the United Kingdom and the Benelux decided to create a Council of Europe and asked Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Norway and Switzerland to help them prepare the statute of that Council. The Statute of the Council of Europe is signed in London, United Kingdom. .